Our body is constantly susceptible to injuries or illnesses anytime, anywhere. It has been found that almost 85% of lives are saved due to the primary initial care provided to patients. For example, on-sight CPR has managed to save 100000 to 200000 lives every year.
What is First Aid Treatment?
The process of imparting basic medical care to someone with sudden injuries or sickness, in times of an emergency, until professional care arrives, is known as First Aid. It can be given to both minor as well as major medical emergencies. It is very important for everyone to have a first aid kit in their homes.
Basic Steps to follow in case of Emergencies
1. Check the location for persistent danger: Once you arrive at the scene, check if there is any remaining scope of danger, such as fire, hanging or falling debris, radioactive leaks, etc. You can help others only if you are safe. Shelter yourself away from the risks and call for help immediately.
2. Request for Medical Assistance: If there are multiple severe injuries in the scene, call for immediate medical assistance.
3. Provide Initial Care: By no means you are supposed to leave the side of the injured or sick person. Until the healthcare professionals arrive, do your best to comfort the pain of the affected, such as covering with a blanket, keeping them warm, or treating them with First Aid care.
Types of First Aid
1. For Cardiac Emergencies: The first and most important procedure during cardia arrest is Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Start giving chest compressions. Push hard and fast in the center of the chest. It’s important to repeat cycles of 30 pushes and 2 rescue breaths.
2. For Bleeds: All kinds of bleeding can be stopped. Minor bleeding stops on its own, while severe bleeding needs to be stopped to prevent untimely deaths. The first step is to cover the wound with a bandage, gauze, or clean cloth. Direct pressure is applied to stop the outflow of blood from the wound. Remember to hold on the gauze/cloth for as long as the bleeding doesn’t stop or help doesn’t arrive. Add more layers if necessary.
3. For Burns: The primary step to treating a burn is to stop the burning. Rinse the burnt area with cold running water for a couple of minutes. Apply a light gauze bandage to the area. Take pain meds if necessary (Ibuprofen, Acetaminophen, etc.). Do not break blisters, if formed.
4. For Bee Stings: In cases of bee stings, the stinger is left stuck inside the skin. Take a flat sharp object and scrape the skin where the bee has stung to remove it. Later, wash the area with soap and water and apply a cold compress to stop the pain and swelling.
5. For Sprains and Fractures: Do not try to straighten the fracture. Keep the area of sprain or fracture immobilized and apply a cold compress on the area of injury. Take anti-inflammatory Meds to relieve the swelling and pain.
6. For babies: The most important thing in first aid for a baby is an infant thermometer and infant-friendly medicinal syrups.
Reasons why First Aid is Important
1. Ensures Security: The knowledge of first aid assures the people around you with a sense of security, further promoting a healthy and confident environment.
2. Prevents the situation from worsening: Most often, the unavailability of immediate medical attention results in preventable deaths. Being able to provide first aid care allows you to stabilize a patient until emergency care arrives.
3. Relieves residual pain: Some minor injuries such as small cuts or sprains require preliminary measures to relieve the pain. First-aid measures help us achieve it.